The Ethereum foundation says the network is transitioning from proof-of-work (PoW) to proof-of-stake (PoS) as part of the plan in the community’s strategy to scale Ethereum via the ETH 2.0 upgrades.
The Ethereum blockchain faces a number of issues, one of which is scalability. The gas fees rise exponentially as the network is used by more and more decentralised apps and services, and transactions expand rapidly.
Users’ strong desire to tackle scaling challenges on the Ethereum network is shown in the growing deployment of Layer-2 scaling solutions and migration of users to other Layer-1 blockchains.
A better future for Ethereum is on the horizon thanks to the proof of stake (PoS) consensus mechanism, which will increase the network’s efficiency by two thousand times, according to the Ethereum foundation, who also claims that the PoS mechanism will result in a 99.95 percent reduction in total energy use.
The Ethereum Foundation published a report that stated:
“With proof-of-stake being aorund 2000 times more efficient than proof-of-work, the energy expenditure of Ethereum will be roughly equal to the cost of running a home computer for each node on the network.”
According to the Ethereum Foundation, the shift from proof of work to proof of stake is planned to take place in the second quarter of 2022. However, the Ethereum 2.0 deposit contract, which was launched in December 2020, demonstrates the PoS consensus mechanism’s feasibility.
The Ethereum network currently uses a proof-of-work (PoW) consensus mechanism, which requires miners to solve a computational difficulty in order to validate a block.
Proof-of-stake enables validators to propose and validate blocks without consuming the energy required to mine them today. Proof-of-work miners must “compete” for blocks, which encourages them to invest in more advanced technology and use more energy than their peers.
Proof-of-stake consensus gives block proposal opportunities to validators on the network at random, reducing some of the competition that exists in proof-of-work consensus.
Proof-of-stake has established a significant presence in the cryptocurrency industry, with blockchain networks such as Solana, Avalanche, and Cardano capturing a significant portion of the Ethereum market share in the last year.