- The switch from Proof-of-Work (PoW) to Proof-of-Stake (PoS) on Ethereum is expected to happen in Q4 of this year.
- The permanent switch will boost Ethereum’s network efficiency by 2000 fold
- The switch will also result in a 99.5 percent reduction in energy consumption.
The Ethereum community is eagerly anticipating the merge event, which has left many people waiting. It has now been postponed to a later date.
The Merge, which involves switching the Ethereum network from proof-of-work (PoW) to proof-of-stake (PoS) as part of the community’s aim to grow Ethereum via the ETH 2.0 upgrades.
Tim Beiko, a computer scientist who coordinates Ethereum developers, states in a tweet that the network’s much-anticipated move from a proof-of-work mining paradigm to proof-of-stake will most likely be accomplished a few months beyond the initially planned June schedule.
It’s worth mentioning that Beiko earlier remarked that Ethereum 2.0 would not surprise him if it happens in the fall. Despite this, he did not specify a month or day.
The final testing before the protocol’s switch to proof-of-stake is progressing smoothly, according to Ethereum engineers. “The shadow fork,” according to Ethereum developer Marius Wijden, was a “huge success.”
Parathi Jayanathi, of Ethereum DevOps, also said that three shadow forks of Ethereum’s Goerli testnet had flaws, which the team is working to fix before the upgrade.
Vitalik Buterin had previously claimed that the Merge would not take place before July, and that the timing of the transfer had been pushed back and forth several times.
The aforementioned tweet indicates that the latest information about the Merge’s date is still a bit uncertain.
Scaling and Energy ramifications of the merge
Scalability is one of the difficulties that the Ethereum blockchain faces. As the network is used by more and more decentralized apps and services, and transactions grow rapidly, the gas fees rise tremendously.
The rising deployment of Layer-2 scaling solutions and migration of users to other Layer-1 blockchains demonstrates users’ strong desire to address scaling difficulties on the Ethereum network.
Environmental concerns and focus are also a focal point of this transformation because ETH alone consumes 112.6 Terawatt-hours of electricity each year.
According to the Ethereum foundation, the proof of stake (PoS) consensus method will boost the network’s efficiency by two thousand times while also reducing total energy use by 99.95 percent.
The Ethereum network currently employs a proof-of-work (PoW) consensus process, in which miners must solve a computational challenge before authenticating a block.
Validators can propose and validate blocks using proof-of-stake instead of the energy necessary to mine them today. Proof-of-work miners must “compete” for blocks, incentivizing them to invest in more powerful technology and consume more energy than their peers.
Proof-of-stake consensus distributes block proposal opportunities at random to validators on the network, minimizing some of the competition that arises in proof-of-work consensus.
Proof-of-stake has made a strong showing in the cryptocurrency sector, with blockchain networks like Solana, Avalanche, and Cardano taking a major chunk of the Ethereum market share in the recent year.